TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT (THR)

drkmh TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT (THR)

 

Total hip replacement or arthroplasty (THR/THA) is one of the most cost-effective and consistently successful surgeries performed in orthopedics.

 

THR provides reliable outcomes for patients suffering from end-stage degenerative hip osteoarthritis (OA), specifically pain relief, functional restoration, and overall improved quality of life. Once considered a procedure limited to the elderly, low-demand patients, THR is becoming an increasingly popular procedure performed in younger patient populations.

 

During a hip replacement, the head of the femur is replaced with a prosthetic head (ball) on a shaft, and the joint surface of the acetabulum (cup) is lined with a bowl-shaped synthetic joint surface.

 

WHO REQUIRES THR

 

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Post traumatic arthritis
  • Hip fracture
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Avascular necrosis of head of femur
  • Congenital hip dislocation and dysplasia
  • Bone tumors
  • Implant failure after hip fracture surgery

RECOVERY IN POST OPERATIVE PERIOD

 

  • There will be some pain for which your surgical team will prescribe pain killers.
  • You may also receive an epidural infusion which will deliver pain medication directly into the spine.
  • The patient can be made to walk the next day of surgery with the help of a walker provided there is good pain tolerance by the patient
  • The patient will be put on a regular exercise regiment
  • Sometimes a pillow may be kept in between the legs while sleeping to avoid dislocation
  • After complete recovery, you should be able to walk with no or very minimal discomfort.
  • Following your doctors, physiotherapists instructions can help you get better soon and avoiding complications.

COMPLICATIONS

Complications following THR are generally uncommon. Nevertheless, the possible complications are:

 

  • Infection
  • Dislocation
  • Wound complications
  • Venous thromboembolism

With proper care, your outlook after undergoing the surgery is excellent and encouraging.

 

Reviewed By:

DR.DEEPAK KUMAR K.S

CHIEF CONSULTANT – ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON

MBBS, DIPLOMATE IN ORTHOPEDICS, MS (ORTHOPEDICS), Mch (ORTHO)

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