Cancer is a disease, in which some of the body's cell grow uncontrollably, and then spread to other parts of the body, disturbing and eventually halting the functions of the organs, leading to end of life.
Cervix is a part of the uterus* of a women. It acts as the door to the uterus. When a woman carries a child in the uterus, cervix keeps the baby in place until the child is fully developed. While not carrying a child, cervix helps to keep unhealthy things out of the uterus, like tampons.
*Uterus also called as womb, where an unborn baby develops and grows.
Cervical cancer is a disease in which cancer cells forms in the tissues of the Cervix. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the major risk factor for Cervical cancer.
There are usually no signs or symptoms of early Cervical cancer, but it can be early detected with regular medical check-ups. As the cancer progresses patients may experience unusual discharge, vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and pain during sexual intercourse.
Yes, Cervical cancer is early detectable.
A Pap smear test is commonly used to screen for Cervical cancer. Cells from the surface of the Cervix and the area around it are collected and viewed under microscope for abnormality. If abnormal cells are found, then the presence for HPV will be tested.
HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) test is usually performed after an abnormal result from a PAP test. Sample cells from the Cervix will be tested for the presence of Human Papilloma Virus.
Yes, Cervical cancer is preventable.
Cervical cancer can often be prevented by having regular screenings with Pap tests and HPV tests to find any abnormalities and treat them. It can also be prevented by receiving the HPV vaccine.
Currently, there are two types of HPV vaccines available in India. Both of them are licensed globally. The first one is a quadrivalent vaccine called Gardasil, while the second is a bivalent one by the name Cervarix.
Both these vaccines are manufactured with recombinant DNA technology - a method in which non-infectious Virus-Like-Particles consisting of the HPV protein is produced.
Across the world, HPV vaccination is recommended at ages 11 or 12, even though it can be started at the relatively young age of 9. The vaccination is highly recommended for all women till age 26, especially if they are not properly vaccinated against HPV earlier. Experts feel that It is extremely effective when administered before the first sexual intercourse.
Yes, Cervical cancer is treatable.
The treatment and cure for cervical cancer much depends on the level (stage) of the cancer growth. Based on the stage of growth, five types of treatment are used either in combination or independently. They are, Surgery, Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Targeted therapy, and Immunotherapy.
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women in India and the second most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age. About 5% of women in general public are estimated to harbour cervical HPV infection at a given time. 83.2% of invasive cervical cancers are attributed to HPV.