The Department of Dermatology at Dr.Kamakshi Memorial Hospital provides comprehensive service for the accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of dermatological conditions, including improved public education, and the early detection and treatment of skin cancer.
The skin is the body's largest organ. It protects against heat, sunlight, injury, and infection. Skin also helps control body temperature and store water, fat and Vitamin D. There are two main layers of skin, they are, epidermis (upper or outer layer) and the dermis (lower or inner layer).
A consultant dermatologist is a medical practitioner qualified in diagnosis and treatment of disorders in skin, hair, nails and genitals. Our hospital has an expert team of consultant dermatologist and health care professionals in treating and managing a whole range of skin conditions. Inflammatory skin diseases such as eczema and psoriasis are common but without treatment they can be significantly debilitating. Our consultants are skilled in improving the appearance of patient's skin, hair and nails.
The department is supported by state-of-the-art imaging technology and expert health care to ensure you the highest standard of patient care. The hospital is renowned for its extremely high standards in all aspects of healthcare.
The main services provided in our dermatology department are:
Skin cancer begins in the epidermis and can occur anywhere on the body, but it is most common in that is often exposed to sunlight, such as the face, neck, hands, and arms.
The different types of cancer that starts in the skin and its treatment:
- Nonmelanoma skin cancers are most common types of skin cancer and rarely spread to other parts of the body.
They are two types:
- Basal Cell Carcinoma
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- Actinic keratosis is a skin condition that sometimes becomes squamous cell carcinoma.
The change in skin color and being exposed to sunlight can increase the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer and actinic keratosis. The physician checks the skin for bumps or spots that look abnormal in colour, size, shape, or texture. All or part of the abnormal-looking growth is cut from the skin by biopsy technique and viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is treated by surgical excision or radiotheraphy.
- Melanoma is a disease in which malignant cells form in the melanocytes. It is a much rarer type of skin cancer and more aggressive in possessing a great threat. And it is more likely to invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body.
All melanomas are treated by surgical excision. The tumour is assessed under the microscope and the next step will depend on the Breslow thickness. If the diagnosis confirmed, the thickness is greater than 1mm, biopsy of lymph gland is required. If there is a presence of melanoma in glands, further surgery is required and the sample of tissue may also be tested for certain gene changes. If the melanoma is diagnosed and treated early, the chance of cosmetic disfigurement and the chance of reoccurrence or spread is less.
Eczema is an inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by redness, swelling, itching and sratch marks in the acute form. Eczema is also called as dermatitis. Most types cause dry, itchy skin and rashes on the face, inside elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Scratching the skin can cause it to turn red, and to swell and itch even more.
Some of the eczema types are:
- Atopic eczema is the most common type of eczema in children and related to other allergic conditions such as asthmas and hay fever.
- Contatct dermatitis is an eczema caused by an allergic reaction to something coming in contact with the skin and causes irritation (things like soap, fragnance, etc).
- Lichen simplex chronicus: a thickened itchy area caused by repeated rubbing and scratching.
The cause of eczema is not known. It is likely caused by both genetic and environmental factors. Eczema is often considered as long-lasting disease, it may better or worse over time.
Dr.KMH offers specialized treatment for all types of eczema to control your disease with proper medications.
Hair and Nail Treatment
Hair loss or alopecia is the reduction in the hair density and increased hair fall. It can be caused by a variety of conditions. Our specialists provide correct diagnosis and treatment for rare and common forms of hair loss and hair disorders.
Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. The people affected usually gets the patches on their elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms and feet, but they can show up on other parts of the body. It is long-lasting disease which usually occurs in adults. Dr. KMH offers systematic therapy for psoriasis with the specialized dermatologists with cream, systemic medicine and light therapy.
Dr.Kamakshi Memorial Hospital offers specialized treatment for skin eruptions by the technique called UVB Phototherapy using artificial ultraviolet light. The initials UVB stands for the type B ultraviolet, the part of sunlight that gives one sun burn. It is an effective tool for the significant skin disease.
Vulvar dermatoses are skin disorders that affect the vulva, causing itching, burning and discomfort. It can also affect multiple body sites. And these skin conditions can occur in young females, they are most commonly found in postmenopausal women.
If you are dealing with excessive sweating, our experienced dermatologist at Dr.Kamakshi Memorial Hospital can provide personalized treatment with a combination of prescription antiperspirants, medications and minimal invasive procedures. Hyperhidosis is a medical condition in which a person sweats excessively and unpredictably.
Our consultant dermatologists in Dr. KMH are well trained in paediatric dermatology and provide expert treatment for your child's skin disease. Common skin conditions in children include scabies, eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo, acne, warts and birthmarks.
Our department is designed in such way, where your child will feel comfortable. We place a strong emphasis on educating children and their families about skin diseases, skin care and the prevention of lifelong skin damage.