About Catheterization Laboratory
Heart disease is largely preventable. Nine in ten Indians have at least one risk factor. Treatments for heart diseases vary by condition. Our cardiologists are passionate about finding new ways to help protect your heart. Our cardiologists are available round the clock and CathLab services 24 x 7.
A Catheterization Lab is an examination room in a hospital or clinic with diagnostic imaging equipment used to visualize the arteries of the heart and the chambers of the heart and treat any stenosis or abnormality found. Dr.Kamakshi Memorial Hospital has performed more than 15000 successful CathLab procedures
Catheters have changed the way heart disease is diagnosed and treated. Catheters let us use tiny instruments to repair heart problems from inside the blood vessels. We can often insert the catheter through a vein in the patient's arm rather than through the groin. It can also be used to place stents to open a blocked artery or for procedures, such as heart defect closures and heart valve replacement.
Treatments that once called for open-heart surgery with large incisions and long recovery times can now be done with small incisions during an outpatient or short-term hospital visit. This means patients tend to have less pain and recover much more quickly.
A floor-mounted imaging system enables highly flexible positioning around the patient and innovative 3D imaging for treatment of heart disease.
- Unique positioning capabilities
- Ergonomic design with flexible working height and variable isocentre
- Integrated table with lateral tilt and synchronized tracking
- 3D imaging capabilities
In cardiac catheterization, a very small catheter or hollow tube, is advanced from a vessel in the arm (or sometimes the groin) up into the heart.Once the catheter is in place, several diagnostic techniques and therapeutic procedures may be carried out. The tip of the catheter can be placed into various parts of the heart to measure the pressure within the heart's chambers. The catheter can be advanced into the coronary arteries and a dye injected into the arteries (coronary angiography or arteriography). With the use of fluoroscopy (a special type of X-ray), the doctor can identify blockages in the coronary arteries as the dye moves through them.
The patient is usually awake during the procedure, although a small amount of sedation can be administered. A local anaesthesia is used at the catheter entry site prior to the procedure. Cardiac catheterization is done for patients experiencing symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, palpitations and sweating along with a positive screening test either an electrocardiogram or a stress test.
We detect and evaluate heart conditions or diseases, including but not limited to:
Diagnostic procedures performed in our Cardiac Cath Lab are:
- Coronary artery disease (CAD)
This is the narrowing of the arteries caused by an accumulation of fatty material within the walls of the arteries. This causes the inside of the arteries to become rough and narrowed, limiting the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.
- Valvular heart disease
To keep the blood flowing forward during its journey through the heart, there are valves between each of the heart's pumping chambers. There are 4 such valves, the tricuspid valve, the pulmonary valve, the mitral valve and the aortic valve. Cardiac catheterization is used to diagnose and evaluate the severity of valvular heart disease.
- Coronary angioplasty
The opening of a coronary artery using a balloon or placement of a stent (a tiny expandable metal coil placed inside the artery to keep the artery open).
- Atrial septal defect closure
ASD is an opening between the two atria of the heart which is normally absent. A closure of this defect is done using cardiac catheterization.
Therapeutic procedures performed in our Cardiac Cath Lab includes, but not limited to:
- Coronary angiogram
- Right and left heart catheterisation
- Electrophysiological studies
(These tests will determine the exact nature and mechanism of heart rhythm abnormalities)
- Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI/angioplasty)
- Permanent pacemakers
- Defibrillators (ICDs)
- Specialised biventricular pacemakers/defibrillators for heart failure (CRT-D/CRT-P)
- Ablation procedures for heart rhythm abnormalities
- ASD/VSD Closure