Some summer days can really put you in the danger of a heat stroke, so be watchful for symptoms of heat exhaustion such as severe headaches, dizziness and weakness.

The first quarter of the year is almost done. The next couple of months the heat is going to go up several notches and the only thing we are going to want is to chill indoors with a cup of cold lemonade and a light snack! But you are going to be stepping out of the house and here are some summer health issues to protect yourself from.




At the peak of any given sunny day, you are bound to feel sapped and like put in a straw and sucked out all your energy. The fatigue is most likely a sign of dehydration. Do not let the heat get the better of you. Drink plenty of fluids through the day. Fresh fruit juices sans sugar, will give you energy to get through the day while also loading you up with vital nutrients and antioxidants. But of course, water is the best way to keep you cool and hydrated – so keep sipping on water from time-to-time.




On hot days, if you spend too much time outdoors you can actually get sunburnt. Between 10am and 2pm is usually when the sun is doing its worst – it’s the hottest part of the day, and staying indoors is the best option. Going out will expose you to harmful UV rays that can damage your skin cells upon overexposure. If you must venture out, using a strong sun block lotion with an SPF of more than 15 is a good way to stay protected.




A heat stroke is not to be taken lightly. It is called hyperthermia and is caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures. Some summer days can really put you in the danger of a heat stroke, so be watchful for symptoms of heat exhaustion such as severe headaches, dizziness and weakness. Ignoring the symptoms can cause the person to pass out or even result in loss of life. Beat heat exhaustion with ice-packs, cold air or even just cold water.




The sweltering heat makes the environment absolutely favourable for the growth of bacteria. And when they grow on our food, when consumed it can lead to moderate to severe food poisoning. Common symptoms of food poisoning are abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhoea or vomiting. If the symptoms cannot be managed at home within a few hours of their onset, it’s best to hurry to the doctor. Avoid eating food sold in roadside shops that have been sitting in the pots for hours together. Contaminated water is also another source of food poisoning and diseases like typhoid and jaundice.




These are small pinkish bumps on the skin that can be extremely itchy. These rashes occur in very hot and humid conditions, and are caused by clogged sweat glands. Wear light, loose, cotton clothes which keeps the body airy and cool. For relief from itchy prickly heat rashes, you can use prickly heat powder.




These are all common summer diseases triggered by the heat that allows for the growth and spread of disease-causing microbes. Chicken Pox, Mumps & Measles are usually known to get younger children first and then are spread to others by contact. Check with your doctor regarding vaccinations to prevent these diseases.



  • Avoid spending too much time outdoors between 10am and 2pm when it’s the hottest.
  • Always use sunscreen and lip-balm when stepping outdoors.
  • Wear light cotton clothes to minimize sweating
  • Loose clothes keep your body cool and airy. Use a hat and sunglasses too.
  • Always carry a bottle of water to prevent dehydration
  • Eat light freshly cooked foods to prevent food poisoning and diarrhoea
  • Minimize intake of alcohol and caffeine – both dehydrate you
  • Load up on fruits with high water content to feel fresh and rejuvenated.

Dr. R. Ramya is a family medicine specialist
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